Social Security and Medicare are needed, say experts

  • Washington lawmakers are still at an impasse in debt ceiling negotiations.
  • Experts say any deal that emerges will likely pass the emergency deadline.
  • Here’s why policymakers may turn to Social Security and Medicare as more spending reform is needed.

A billboard showing the credit limit is seen in Washington, DC on April 17, 2023.

Mandel Naga | AFP | Good pictures

While lawmakers are working to thrash out a debt ceiling deal, experts already say more needs to be done to rein in the nation’s spending, and that includes Social Security and Medicare reform.

The debt ceiling is the maximum amount the federal government can borrow to pay its bills. If the government exceeds that limit, it may default on its debt.

This is known as the point at which the government cannot pay all its obligations “Date X” – According to the Congressional Budget Office, could happen in the first two weeks of June. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen has warned that the US will run out of money on June 1st.

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So far, lawmakers haven’t been able to quickly resolve the issue. Republicans have passed legislation called Limit, Save, Grow Act Raise the debt ceiling. But Democrats, including President Joe Biden, have rejected these terms.

While there is hope that the two parties will come together to resolve the issue, experts say any compromise is unlikely to include long-term solutions to the country’s financial woes.

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Debt held by the public Jason Fichtner, chief economist at the Bipartisan Policy Center, noted that the share of GDP averaged 46% to 47% from 1973 to 2022. During a webcast Conducted by the Monday think tank.

That debt is now close to 100%, where CBO expects it to be It will increase to 118% of GDP by 2033Highest level recorded.

Financial imbalances lead to significant debts and deficits, noted Warren Payne, senior counsel at the law firm Meyer Brown. When the debt ceiling is a “practically compelling event,” the decisions are insufficiently valid, he said.

“We’re not going to have a big substantive change in the debt and deficit path based on what’s coming out of the negotiations right now,” Payne said.

“It will be very important that this dialogue continues in another round of negotiations,” he added.

A way to save costs for programs like Medicare and Social Security, experts said. The two plans could be at a crossroads if the government hits the debt ceiling and is forced to choose between its commitments.

Long-term, both programs have complex reform needs. Medicare says hospital insurance trust funding will be cut in 2031 Latest Predictions From the Trustees of the Scheme.

Meanwhile, the Social Security Trust Fund, which is used to pay retirement benefits, can send full checks Just for 10 years, Social Security Trustees Scheme. At that time, 77% of those benefits will be paid. Combined with Social Security’s Disability Trust Fund, the projected drawdown date is 2034.

Experts suggested on Monday that instead of waiting for a major overhaul, more changes could be made to these plans now. Bilateral Policy Center Group.

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While debt ceiling negotiations have focused on work requirements for government programs, there may be other ways to help reduce spending, noted Jim Cabretta, a senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute.

“There’s a lot of waste, fraud and abuse in Medicare and Medicaid, and it’s been there for a long time,” Cabreta said.

The government could do better with more resources by implementing additional background checks and requirements to ensure providers are legitimate before they get paid, he said.

Additionally, Medicare pays different prices based on where the same services are provided, and renegotiating that policy could save “a pretty good amount of money,” Cabretta said.

Admittedly, these changes won’t solve all of Medicare’s financial woes, but they could provide an immediate way to start cutting costs.

Social Security benefits are often based on payroll taxes that fund retirement or disability benefits.

The plan has few adjustments for inflation or wage growth.

However, that doesn’t fix the mismatch when statistics change, Cabretta noted.

By making automatic adjustments to Social Security — such as pensions, mortality estimates, fertility estimates and wage growth — the program can gradually adjust itself, which will help it stay solvent, Cabretta said.

We’re not going to have a big substantive change in the debt and deficit path based on what’s coming out of the negotiations right now.

Warren Payne

Mayer is a senior adviser to Brown

That would prevent Congress from enacting changes to keep the program balanced, he said.

Notably, one change enacted in 1983 — raising Social Security’s retirement age to 67 — is still gradual for today’s retirees.

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Payne noted that those reforms ran into a deadline before Congress could act because Social Security was “politically fraught.”

Future negotiations may have the same urgency, he said, as lawmakers typically avoid topics such as raising the retirement age or raising payroll taxes.

“What we’ve seen lately is that Congress is largely incapable of even having that conversation,” Payne said.

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